Why do tankers keep exploding?

chemical tanker explosionIn spite of ever-increasing safety regulations, explosion incidents on tankers still happen. Any explosion risk has three prerequisites: flammable material, oxygen and an ignition source. Take away (at least) one to achieve safety.

According to SOLAS requirements any tanker newbuilding > 8000dwt since 2016 has to have an inert gas system installed which reduces the oxygen concentration to safe levels. Before it was > 20,000 dwt. However, there is no requirement to retrofit IG systems to existing pre-2016 tankers, which means they are frequently subject to hazardous conditions.

In the Riviera Maritime Media article, “Why do tankers keep exploding?”, Dean Crossley, Loss Prevention Manager at WEST P&I Club recommends retrofitting IG systems to ALL tankers, oil & chemical, old and new ones, incl. those < 8000 dwt. However, retrofitting an IG system is nearly impossible for technical reasons, if not economic. NanoVapor may be a cost-efficient and simple option to prevent hydrocarbons from evaporation. Thus, taking away the flammable material.

Nanovapor is a safe, gas-freeing alternative to more traditional methods. Time needed to a gas-free fuel or cargo tank is dramatically reduced and a single application can continue to suppress fuel vapors for days. The NanoVapor delivery unit uses a compressed air source to create a high-flow air stream used to inject the suppressant molecules into an enclosed tank. The molecule suppressant works quickly to suppress VOC evaporation from all liquid fuel throughout the entire tank. See the NanoVapor product video at https://ecochlor.com/ecochlor-nanovapor-nano-suppressant/

Panos Smyroglou to Speak at Green4Sea Virtual Forum

Panos Smyroglou is speaking at Green4Sea

Panos Smyroglou, Business Development Manager of Ecochlor will join a team of experts to discuss updates on ballast water management on Wednesday 21 April at 7 am EDT (11:00 GMT / 14:00 Athens / 19:00 SGT) at the Green4Sea Virtual Forum. Attendees will learn more about what is next on the regulatory agenda, key operational challenges of installing a BWMS, crew training recommendations, industry feedback on BWMS operations and any lessons learned or ‘best practices’ to be shared.

Other panelists for speaking at this workshop include: Dr. Efi Tsolaki, Erma First ESK; Dimitris Tsoulos, De Nora Marine Technologies; Jad Mouawad, Mouawad Consulting AS; and, George Kriezis, Neptune Lines Shipping & Managing Enterprises.

June Ballast Water Management Regulatory Update from Ecochlor

Ecochlor’s latest e-newsletter on Regulatory Updates for ballast water management is available for download

May Regulatory Update newsletter coverThis issue includes updates from the U.S. Coast Guard including their latest Maritime Safety Information Bulletin on BWM type approvals and expanded regulations on reporting requirements.

Learn about the IMO BWMS Code and find out which manufacturers have type approval.

Read about the latest meeting schedule from the IMO.

Download the new BWM Reporting Form from the USCG.

It ‘s all gathered in one newsletter for your convenience!

You may view the entire newsletter at: Ecochlor’s June Regulatory Update

You may sign up for this newsletter by sending an email to the Director of Communications, Kathie Clark at kathie.clark@ecochlor.com and include your Name, Company, Title and Email.

USCG Issued Bulletin on COVID-19 and Port and Facility Operations

Photo of Corona Virus

The U.S. Coast Guard issued a Marine Safety Information (MSIB 07-20) concerning the impact of COVID-19 to port and facility operators.

It is recognized that the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a myriad of unique operating conditions that warrant special considerations. Some challenges have included cruise ships mooring at facilities not approved for passenger operations, garbage removal, and facility and vessel crew interactions. Because of these operational concerns, the following clarification and guidance is provided to help ensure the safety and security of workers, ports, and facilities. Below is a summary of some of the issues covered in the Bulletin:

  •  Approved Facility Security Plans – (33 CFR 105.245) require a Declaration of Security (DoS) to be completed in certain situations. There is no requirement for the coordination of security needs and procedures, signature of the DoS, or implementation of agreed upon measures to be conducted in a face-to-face manner between the Facility Security Officer and the Master, Vessel Security Officer (VSO), or their designated representative.
  • Declaration of Inspection (DOI) to be completed before any transfer of oil or hazardous material to or from a vessel – 33 CFR 156.150. The DOI meeting/conference can be completed over the radio, phone or at a safe social distance and still meet these requirements, however both PIC’s must communicate with each other before beginning any transfer. Additionally, both PIC’s shall sign the DOI, but it can be done electronically.
  • Seafarer’s Access – Maritime facility operators are reminded they are not permitted to impede the embarkation/disembarkation of crew members as permitted under Seafarer’s Access regulations. Facility operators should contact their local CBP, Coast Guard, or the CDC, State and local health department offices regarding specific questions or concerns about their individual operations.
  • Noncompliance with facility security requirements – 33 CFR 105.125. If a situation arises where a facility will not be able to comply with the requirements of 33 CFR 105, the facility must contact the Captain of the Port (COTP) to request and receive permission to temporarily deviate from the requirements. A potential situation where this can be used are modified escort requirements in secure areas or mooring a cruise ship at a non-passenger terminal.
  • Waste Reception Facilities – Garbage and Medical Waste 33 CFR 158 regulations require all ports and terminals under the jurisdiction of the United States to provide vessels with reception facilities for garbage. International regulations require these reception facilities to have a Certificate of Adequacy (COA) issued by the Coast Guard that attests to their ability to offload garbage, which may include medical waste.
  • TWIC Enrollment Centers – If applicants are planning to visit an enrollment center, please use the “Find an Enrollment Center” feature at the bottom of the Universal Enroll website to determine if the center is open.

To read the entire bulletin click here.

The U.S. Coast Guard also advises people to review the Center for Disease Control website for the latest information related to COVID-19.